01 -15 June in Black History
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The intent of these pages is to bring attention to
missing and sometimes unknown
"facts" in history. If you have information to contribute email it to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
1833 - The
fourth national Black convention meets in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with sixty-two
delegates from eight states. Abraham D. Shadd of Pennsylvania is elected president.
1854 - Two thousand United States troops escort celebrated fugitive slave, Anthony Burns through the streets of Boston.
1871 - Miles Vandehurst Lynk is born near Brownsville, Tennessee. A physician at 19, he founds the first African American medical journal, the "Medical and Surgical Observer," and will be one of the organizers of what will later become the National Medical Association.
1887 - Roland Hayes is born in Curryville, Tennessee. A noted concert artist, Hayes will be the first African American to give a concert in Boston's Symphony Hall. His career will take him throughout the U.S. and to London for a command performance before King George V.
1904 - Charles R. Drew, creator of the plasma method of blood preservation, is born in Washington, DC. He will receive the NAACP's Spingarn Medal for his contributions in 1944 and, in 1981, be posthumously honored by the U.S. Postal Service with a commemorative stamp.
1906 - Josephine Baker is born in St. Louis, Missouri. She will become a singer and entertainer. A chorus girl in the 1923 musical "Shuffle Along," she will travel to Paris, introduce "le jazz hot" in the show "La Revue Negre," and will cause a sensation with the Folies Bergeres when she performs topless on a mirror, wearing a rubber banana skirt. A World War II Red Cross volunteer, Baker will perform for the Allied troops and in the 1950's she will tour the U.S., fighting for desegregated theaters and restaurants.
1919 - Liberty Life Insurance Company in Chicago, Illinois, the first old-line legal reserve company organized by African Americans in the North, is incorporated.
1942 - Curtis Mayfield is born in Chattanooga, Tennessee and will be raised in Chicago, Illinois. He will become a singer, songwriter, and producer. He will be a member of the group The Impressions. He will write many hits for the group, Jerry Butler and himself. He will start a successful solo career in 1970. He will become paralyzed from the chest down in 1990 when a stage lighting tower falls on him. After recuperating, he will still continue to perform. He will join the ancestors on Sunday, December 26, 1999.
1946 - In its "Morgan vs. Commonwealth of Virginia" ruling, the U.S. Supreme Court bars segregation in interstate bus travel.
1949 - Wesley Anthony Brown becomes the first African American to graduate from the U.S. Naval Academy.
1951 - Deniece Chandler is born in Gary, Indiana. She will become a singer and will be known as Deniece Williams. She will get her first break as a member of Stevie Wonder's backup group Wonderlove during 1972-75. She will grow into a successful solo career in both secular and gospel music.
1997 - Harvey Johnson, who defeats the incumbent mayor in the Democratic Primary, is elected Jackson, Mississippi's first African American mayor, defeating the Republican candidate by more than two-to-one. Johnson, an urban planner and former state tax commissioner, was making his second run to head the city of about 200,000. He upset incumbent Kane Ditto to earn the right to face GOP businesswoman Charlotte Reeves in the general election.
Updated by K. Ferguson Kelly: May 26, 2003