01 -15 November in Black History
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1868 - John W. Menard, of Louisiana, is elected as
American representative to Congress. Menard defeats a white
candidate, 5,107 to 2,833, in an election in Louisiana's
Second Congressional District to fill an unexpired term in
the Fortieth Congress.
1874 - James Theodore Holly, an African American who emigrated to Haiti in 1861, is elected bishop of Haiti.
1883 - Race riots occur in Danville, Virginia, resulting in the death of four African Americans.
1896 - South Carolina State College is established.
1905 - Artist Lois Mailou Jones is born in Boston, Massachusetts. She will win her first award in 1926 and have major exhibitions at the Harmon Foundation, the Salon des Artistes Francais in Paris, the National Academy of Design, and many others. Despite her long career, she will not have a major retrospective of her work until the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston mounts a show in her honor in 1973. She will join the ancestors on June 9, 1998.
1920 - "Emperor Jones" opens at the Provincetown Theater with Charles Gilpin in the title role.
1933 - Louis Wade Sullivan is born in Atlanta, Georgia. He will become the founder and first dean of the Morehouse School of Medicine and Secretary of Health and Human Services, the highest-ranking African American in the Bush Administration.
1942 - William L. Dawson is elected to Congress from Chicago.
1942 - Black and white advocates of direct, nonviolent action organized the Congress of Racial Equality in Chicago. Three CORE members stage a sit-in at Stoner's Restaurant in Chicago's Loop.
1942 - The Spingarn Medal is presented to Asa Philip Randolph "for organizing the Sleeping Car Porters under the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and securing recognition for them; and because of his fearless, determined mobilization of mass opinion that resulted in... Executive Order No. 8802, which banned racial discrimination in defense industries and government work."
1945 - Irving C. Mollison, a Chicago Republican, is sworn in as U.S. Customs Court judge in New York City.
1945 - The NAACP's Spingarn Medal is presented to Paul Robeson "for his outstanding achievement in the theater, on the concert stage, and in the general field of racial welfare."
1949 - Larry Holmes is born in Easton, Pennsylvania. He will become a professional boxer and world heavyweight champion from 1978 to 1985. During his reign, he will defend his title more times than any other heavyweight in history, with the exception of Joe Louis.
1953 - Jeffrey Banks is born in Washington, DC. He will become an influential fashion designer and the youngest designer to win the prestigious Coty Award, for his outstanding fur designs.
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain of the NBA San Francisco Warriors, scores 72 points vs the Los Angeles Lakers.
1964 - John Conyers, Jr. is elected to the House of Representatives from Detroit, Michigan.
1970 - Twelve African Americans are elected to the Ninety-second Congress, including five new congressmen: Ralph H. Metcalfe (Illinois), George Collins (Illinois), Charles Rangel (New York), Ronald Dellums (California), and Parren Mitchell (Maryland).
1970 - Wilson Riles is elected as the first African American superintendent of Public Instruction in California.
1970 - Richard Austin is elected as the first African American secretary of state in Michigan.
1974 - Harold G. Ford is elected U.S. Congressman from Tennessee.
1978 - Dominica is granted its independence by the Great Britain.
1979 - Klansmen fire on an anti-Klan rally in Greensboro, North Carolina, and kill five persons.
1981 - Coleman Young is re-elected mayor of Detroit. Thurman L. Milner is elected mayor of Hartford, Connecticut. James Chase is elected mayor of Spokane, Washington.
1983 - Reverend Jesse Jackson announces his candidacy for President of the United States. Although unsuccessful in this and a later 1988 campaign, Jackson will win many Democratic state primaries. His candidacy will win him national attention and a platform for increased representation by African Americans in the Democratic Party.
1992 - Carol Moseley Braun is the first African American woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate.
1992 - James Clyburn is the first African American to represent South Carolina since Reconstruction. He had previously served for 18 years as South Carolina's Human Affairs Commissioner.
Updated by K. Ferguson Kelly: November 30, 2003